Herb Shellenberger

An Evening with Jackie Raynal: Deux Fois (1969)
April 21, 2013
International House Philadelphia
Philadelphia, PA, US

Introduction + Q&A with Jackie Raynal

IHP welcomes French filmmaker, film editor, critic and curator Jackie Raynal to present her landmark feature film debut Deux Fois. Raynal began her career in the 1960s as the film editor for New Wave directors such as Eric Rohmer, Jean-Daniel Pollet and Jean Eustache. Challenged by producer and patroness Sylvina Boissonnas to stop editing other people's films and make her own, Raynal traveled to Barcelona, where she completed Deux Fois in a single week. One of the most enigmatic films of the Zanzibar group (which included Philippe Garrel, Pierre Clementi and Nico), it is composed of a series of unconnected episodes, some repeated twice. The fairy-tale phrase "once upon a time" is turned on its head, as is the logic of classical film construction. With herself as the film's "star," Raynal announces each of the film's sequences and proclaims, theatrically and ironically, "tonight will be the end of meaning."

Deux Fois has been described by Noël Burch as "an intentionally elementary meditation on certain primary functions of film, that could be said to be at the roots of film editing as such-expectations, exploring the picture, perceptual memory, relationships between on-screen and off-screen space-all explored in a series of free-standing sequence shots of perfect simplicity." In Cahiers du cinema, French critic Serge Daney said, "This cinema 'au feminin' reminds us what the imperialist eye had repressed: different modes of editing impulses; what is seen and heard alters our perspective."

Deux Fois, Jackie Raynal, 1969, France, 35mm, digital, 64'